Posts Tagged ‘disorders’

The Differences Between Bipolar 1 Disorders and Bipolar 2 Disorders

Wednesday, September 29th, 2021

When you know better you do better.

Bipolar l disorders and bipolar ll disorders are different. However, there are different views by some people on how they differ.


Basically we could look at it this way:

  • Bipolar l disorders are looked at as severe episodes of both highs and lows.
  • Bipolar ll disorders are looked upon as the less extreme condition of bipolar disorder.

That is not the definition I believe is accurate.

There is another way of looking at this difference.

Bipolar l can be looked at as a bipolar disorder with the primary effect being a mania. There must be a depressive episode to consider it a bipolar disorder. However, what makes it truly called “bipolar I” is that the depressive episodes are mild; there are not the deep and chronic depressions that come with straight bipolar disorder, also known as manic depression.

Conversely, “bipolar ll disorder” consists of people who spend most of their time in major depressive states but never go to extreme mania. Actually, they go to the secondary manic state which is called hypomania. Once again, however, they must go to manic states to be diagnosed with bipolar ll disorder.

Both bipolar I disorder and bipolar ll involves mood swings.

A standard bipolar disorder usually involves mood swings between two moods. These moods are extreme depression and extreme mania. Both can be debilitating.

In reality there are two levels on both the high side and the low side. The moderate high side is called hypomania and the moderate low side is called moderate depression.

Very simply bipolar l consists of having mood swings but instead of having the typical swings between the extremes the sufferer spends most of their time in the manic side and when they do go to the depressive side they don’t become very depressed at all.

Bipolar ll disorder has the sufferer spending most of their time in some state of depression. They do have swings in mood, although rarely. When their mood does change they go to the moderate “high” which is termed hypomania.

These conditions can be just as difficult to treat but there is little bit of a window of opportunity because when they “cycle” they are in a more moderate state.

Bipolar I favors mania and bipolar ll favors depression. On a positive note these conditions are very conducive to counseling.

Usually when a person is being first diagnosed, they will present the mode of behavior they will spend the most time.

Again, this aspect of bipolar disorder offers a lot of hope.